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공학소식 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (March 24, 2020) 등록일 2020.03.25
First Bell

Good morning March 24, 2020

Leading the News

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Airlines Consider Domestic Flight Shutdown

The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, A1, Pasztor, Sider, Subscription Publication) reports that US airlines are considering shutting down nearly all domestic flights in the US, having already suspended most international routes. The White House has resisted efforts to shut down passenger flights because many commercial jets are transporting mail and cargo shipments. A person close to the discussions said airlines would prefer the government to issue an order rather than the airlines shutting down air travel themselves because it would be helpful to the airlines as they seek a federal rescue package.

        The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Coleman) reports that the FAA is “concerned that the virus will spread among agency controllers and technicians as almost a dozen of traffic-control facilities have had to cease operations temporarily after positive cases,” and the Transportation Security Administration has “reported an 80 percent drop in travelers Sunday compared to the same day last year.” The White House or Pentagon could activate the Civil Reserve Air Fleet to ensure air cargo shipments continue.

Higher Education

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Coronavirus Pandemic Prompting More Colleges To Consider Adopting Test-Optional Policies

Education Dive Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports more than 50 institutions in 2019 “declared they would no longer require, or in some cases even review, applicants’ SAT and ACT scores.” In some cases, their “reasoning echoed arguments made by opponents of college admissions testing, who say the system is inherently biased and favors wealthy students who can afford extensive test prep and tutoring.” Now, as the coronavirus continues to “hamper the higher education sector, it is exposing and exacerbating these disparities,” standardized testing experts say. And at “least half a dozen colleges have announced in recent weeks that they would either waive or alter their requirements that applicants take the tests.”

        Some schools have been “employing these policies for decades,” Diverse Issues in Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports. So there’s “data to help answer” whether they work and if universities are “actually enrolling – and graduating – more low-income students and students of color.” Higher education leaders “continue to debate how conclusive that data.” But FairTest Executive Director Bob Schaeffer believes “admissions officers are finding evidence that test optional policies draw more diverse applicants, and they’re sharing their successes with each other.”

HBCUs Experiencing “Alarming” Drop In Enrollment

NBC News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports HBCUs are “experiencing an alarming drop in enrollment, to the second-lowest rate last year in 17 years,” according to the National Center for Educational Statistics. More than “6,000 fewer students attended the 101 black colleges and universities in the US during the 2018-19 school year,” data show. The NCES study “does not explain the drop in HBCU enrollment, but there are indications of multiple factors,” including the “explosive appeal of online colleges like DeVry and the University of Phoenix.”

EAB Survey: Higher Ed Admissions Severely Impacted By Virus Worries

Inside Higher Ed Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports a recent survey of higher ed admissions departments by education consultancy EAB – with answers from “257 four-year colleges, 64 percent of them private” – show 87 percent of respondents “worry that future visits to the campus by potential students will decline.” Though travel “is a norm in admissions,” 46 percent “of respondents are limiting travel by geography, 48 percent are reducing time spent on the road, 48 percent are limiting college-fair participation, 43 percent are canceling planned yield programs, 34 percent are reducing off-campus yield events and 22 percent are canceling off-campus programs.” Only “19 percent of respondents indicated they were not adjusting spring recruitment travel.”

Some Colleges Slowly Rolling Out Safeguards For Support Staff

Even as classes “moved online and students and professors have been told to stay off their campuses” during the coronavirus pandemic, “many staff members have been expected to report to work as usual.” Indeed, “custodians and cafeteria workers, security guards and residence-life staff members, librarians and IT specialists...do jobs deemed essential to helping colleges navigate the abrupt transition to online teaching and to supporting those students who remain on campus.” Yet some campus workers who “shared their stories with Chronicle of Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) said they, too, could do their jobs remotely and wondered why colleges had been quicker to put in place safeguards for students and faculty members than for those on the staff.”

Opinion: US Higher Education Remains A Public Good As Evidenced By Need For COVID-19 Research

In a piece published by The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23), the president of the American Council on Education points out that “dozens of university laboratories and hundreds, if not thousands, of researchers, are immersed in finding treatments, tests and vaccines for COVID-19.” Ted Mitchell goes on to say that higher education leaders “often tout the evidence showing that people with a college degree are better off than those without one by virtually every measure that demographers can devise, from lifetime earnings to health to civic engagement.” But what this “time of crisis should remind us all is that, even more importantly, US higher education is a public good.” In other words, our “collective societal investment in institutions of higher learning pays huge dividends in scientific and medical advances, our country’s overall economic prosperity and social well-being, and ensures a diverse and flourishing democracy.”

From ASEE

ASEE's Online Collaboration Forum During Virus Crisis
ASEE has created Facebook groups for collaboration during this unique period. Join the Collaborative Discussion Forum, the P12 Instructors and Parents Forum, the Online Teaching Repository, and the Research Operations Repository

Webinar – Storytelling to Advance Research and Teaching
April 9 at 1 PM, ET: What’s your story? Tune in for a free webinar to learn how storytelling techniques can be used to propel your research and teaching, helping you communicate research impacts, write proposals, share best teaching practices, and teach difficult concepts. Register today at http://bit.ly/3c99jba

Webinar – Training Tomorrow’s Engineers to Combat Climate Change
April 15 at 1 PM, ET: In support of Earth Day 2020, tune in for a new webinar and learn how two NSF-funded projects, RISE-UP and ReNUWIt, are training tomorrow’s engineers to build resilience and combat the effects of climate change through robust interdisciplinary initiatives. Register today: http://bit.ly/2Tlt4F9

Research and Development

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University Of Colorado Scientists Using Synthetic Biology Toolkits To Engineer Bacteria To Create Useful Minerals, Polymers

In a piece published by The Conversation Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Srubar), the University of Colorado Boulder’s Wil Srubar says “living architecture is moving from the realm of science fiction into the laboratory as interdisciplinary teams of researchers turn living cells into microscopic factories.” At his laboratory, scientists are using “synthetic biology toolkits to engineer bacteria to create useful minerals and polymers and form them into living building blocks that could, one day, bring buildings to life.” An in their “most recent work, published in Matter, they used photosynthetic cyanobacteria to help us grow a structural building material – and they kept it alive.”

Astronauts Readying For Journey To ISS In Quarantine

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Roulette) reports that “two Russian cosmonauts and a U.S. astronaut were spending their final weeks on Earth in quarantine before they are scheduled to blast off on April 9 for the International Space Station for six months as the coronavirus pandemic sweeps Earth.” US astronaut Chris Cassidy said via video on Monday, “We are ready to go, we are healthy, we’ve been tested very well with the medical teams.” He continued “We’ll be watching from space and we’re very curious to come home in October and see what the world looks like at that time.” Even in “ordinary times astronauts go through a ‘health stabilization’ process before launching that includes two weeks in quarantine to ensure they ‘aren’t sick or incubating an illness when they get to the space station,’ NASA spokeswoman Stephanie Schierholz said.”

        NASA Astronauts Share Tips On Dealing With Isolation. CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Stieg) reports that on Sunday, NASA astronaut Anne McClain “shared a Twitter thread of expert skills that astronauts implement when working and living in confinement to ensure that they stay happy, productive and successful.” These NASA “strategies were developed by retired astronaut Peggy Whitson, who spent a total of 665 days in space over three separate missions, and Al Holland, a NASA psychologist who studies the psychological impact of long-duration spaceflights.” Whitson said on CBS This Morning, “COVID-19 gives us a higher purpose much like being in space does because we are saving lives by quarantining so it is important to understand that bigger purpose and embrace that purpose.”

NASA To Use Supercomputers To Look For Potential Treatment Of COVID-19

Daily Express (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Day) reports that NASA “supercomputers are joining the effort to look for potential treatment and vaccine candidates for COVID-19.” On Monday the White House announced the initiative, which will bring “together NASA and the National Science Foundation as well as hosting the Department of Energy laboratories, companies and academic institutions is looking to come up with solutions faster than humans are capable of.” IBM “sparked the initiative, partnering with the US government to make a vast number of supercomputers available.” According to NASA Associate Administrator “Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA will redirect part of its supercomputer time towards the Earth science division.” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said on Twitter, “I’m proud that NASA is lending our supercomputing expertise to assist in the global fight against COVID-19.”

Workforce

Boeing Halts Production In Washington State Due To Coronavirus Outbreak

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports that The Boeing Company “will halt production temporarily at its twin-aisle jetliner factory in Washington state due to the spread of coronavirus, the U.S. planemaker said on Monday, following a similar move by European rival Airbus SE.” Boeing “added that a temporary operations shutdown will last 14 days beginning March 25.”

        The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Gregg, Davenport) reports that the “move affects up to 70,000 employees in the Puget Sound region who the company said would receive paid leave during the halt.” Boeing CEO Dave Calhoun said, “This necessary step protects our employees and the communities where they work and live.” The International Association of Machinists, “a union representing Boeing employees, separately told its members that an employee in the company’s Everett, Wash., factory, had coronavirus and has died.”

        Boeing Employee In South Carolina Tests Positive For COVID-19. The Miami Herald Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Kinnard) reports that “an employee at Boeing’s South Carolina production facility has tested positive for COVID-19, the company said Monday.” The “employee was quarantined and was being treated, said Boeing spokeswoman Libba Holland. The company asked all workers who had been in close contact with the employee to self-quarantine at home and monitor themselves for any symptoms, Holland said.”

Global Developments

Airbus Resumes Production In France, Spain

Aviation International News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Polek) reports that Airbus “partially resumed production and assembly work at its French and Spanish plants on Monday after conducting four days of cleaning and health and safety checks, the company confirmed.” Airbus “has considered a range of scenarios that could see a longer-term slowdown or shutdown depending on health measures put in place by Europe’s governments.”

        Airbus Customers Could Seek To Cancel, Postpone Orders. Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports that Airbus “said in a stock market filing on Monday that customers could seek to cancel or postpone delivery of airliners and helicopters as the coronavirus crisis continues to escalate.” Airbus CEO Guillaume Faury “said earlier that several airlines had asked to defer deliveries, but that most were continuing to pay their deposits.”

        FlightGlobal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Kaminski) reports that Airbus “is evaluating potential impact of the coronavirus outbreak on production, particularly for [its] twin-aisle aircraft, and acknowledges that it might have to store aircraft as tightening restrictions obstruct deliveries.” Faury “speaking during a 23 March briefing, said that the twin-aisle market had already been dealing with an oversupply situation during 2018-19.”

Bombardier Will Suspend Canadian Production Starting Tuesday

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) reports that Bombardier “will suspend Canadian production of its corporate jets to comply with restrictions imposed by provincial governments aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus, a source familiar with the matter said on Monday.” The Canadian “provinces of Ontario and Quebec, where Bombardier’s flagship Global 7500 and other model business jets are respectively assembled and completed, have ordered all non-essential workplaces to close as of late Tuesday.” Ontario’s “premier announced a two-week shutdown of non-essential businesses starting Tuesday, while Quebec’s order will last until April 13.” Earlier on Monday, “some of the workers at Bombardier’s plant in Toronto were sent home after a contractor tested positive for the novel coronavirus called COVID-19, the union’s acting plant chair Bill Bell said in an interview.”

Industry News

California Companies, Including SpaceX, Help To Increase Medical Supplies

The Los Angeles Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Masunaga) reports that several California-based companies are “pitching in to increase the share of medical supplies to fight the coronavirus.” In the “last few days, Musk has tweeted that SpaceX would be producing ventilators and that he had a ‘long engineering discussion’ with ventilator manufacturer Medtronic.” Musk “has been skeptical, though, tweeting Thursday that ‘we’re working on ventilators, even though I think there will not be a shortage by the time we can make enough to matter.’” Medtronic “said in a statement that the company had a ‘great discussion’ with the Tesla team and was willing to work with Tesla and other companies to ‘try and solve this global ventilator supply challenge.’” On Monday night, California Governor Gavin Newsom “said ventilators provided by Musk had arrived in Los Angeles. But it was unclear whether Musk had purchased or built the machines.”

GE Aviation Cuts 10 Percent Of Its US Workforce

Aviation International News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Siebenmark) reports that GE Aviation “will cut 10 percent of its U.S. workforce as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic’s effect on the aviation industry, its parent company announced today.” GE Aviation will also “furlough approximately 50 percent of its MRO staff for 90 days.” GE CEO H. Lawrence Culp Jr. said, “The rapid contraction of air travel has resulted in a significant reduction in demand as commercial airlines suspend routes and ground large percentages of their fleets.” In addition to the “job cuts and furloughs, GE Aviation has instituted a hiring freeze, a cancellation of salaried merit increases, a ‘dramatic’ reduction in non-essential spending, and a significant decrease in its contingent workforce.”

Engineering and Public Policy

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Republicans, Democrats Divided Over Student Debt Relief In Coronavirus Stimulus Bill

Politico Share to FacebookShare to Twitter’s (3/23, Stratford) “Morning Education” newsletter reports Republicans and Democrats are “fighting over how to structure relief for the nation’s tens of millions of student loan borrowers as part of the massive stimulus plan to address the economic havoc caused by the coronavirus outbreak.” Republicans largely support the idea that “borrowers should immediately be able to put their payments on hold without accruing interest,” while Democrats “say that’s an insufficient half-measure and want to see some amount of debt cancellation.”

        Biden Supports Democrats’ Plan To Forgive At Least $10,000 In Student Debt. The Washington Examiner Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Lim) reports former Vice President Joe Biden on Twitter Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Sunday backed Senate Democrats’ plan to forgive at least $10,000 in federal student loans as outlined in their coronavirus stimulus package. Biden said, “Young people and other student debt holders bore the brunt of the last crisis. It shouldn’t happen again.”

House Democrats’ Stimulus Package Includes Grants For Airlines

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Rucinski, Shepardson) reports that a bill supported by House Democrats would include $37 billion in grants and $21 billion in loans to assist US airlines. Airlines have told legislators that in exchange for grants, the airlines would not cut jobs through August 31 and accept conditions that bar executive pay increases, dividends, and stock buybacks. Airlines for America wrote in a term sheet on Monday that if US airlines received at least $29 billion in grants it would “permit us to save hundreds of thousands of jobs and preserve service to every community currently served in the United States for a period of time.” The House bill would “set aside $1 billion to eliminate high-polluting airplanes...cap chief executive pay at no more than 50 times the median pay of employees and bar stock buybacks.” The bill would also require that “no additional aircraft heavy maintenance work is outsourced to repair stations abroad,” and airlines would need to establish “at least $15 minimum wage for all employees or contracted workers.”

        Business Insider Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Slotnick) reports that the bill would also provide $3 billion to airline contractors “which have been similarly pressured as travel has plummeted.”

Also in the News

Newly-Established Organization Helps Young Women Planning To Enter Physics, Other Male-Dominated Professions

Scientific American Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23, Horgan) reports John Horgan of the Stevens Institute of Technology said he first learned about the nonprofit Encouraging Women Across All Borders when he interviewed his “one of my favorite colleagues, Chris Search, a professor of physics.” One of his students – Kaitlin Gili – had just “founded an organization to help young women planning to enter physics and other male-dominated professions.” Within the EWAAB mentorship program, “called Encourage Her, mentors have face-to-face meeting with a group of 3-5 mentees roughly once a month over the course of a school year.”

Monday's Lead Stories

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